Spielautomaten – Chancen und Auszahlungen (RTP)


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With better graphics, interactive bonus games and innovative designs, slot machines are becoming more and more advanced. Many game manufacturers compete with each other and want to offer the ultimate entertainment package. However, behind the amusing and charming exterior, the same mechanisms remain that always give the house an edge.

Nonetheless, we love to play slot machines in the hope of being one of the lucky winners.

In the following article we take a closer look at the mechanics of a slot machine, why we lose out, how we can improve our chances of winning and what still makes us enjoy playing with Mr Green so much .

The basics – slot machines leave everything to chance (ZZG)

Slot machines have no memory. You never know how much a player has won or lost and the outcome of previous spins does not affect the next. Every spin is unique and the result is always left to chance. This is ensured by a random number generator (ZZG) that is used in every slot machine (in English: ‘random number generator’ – RNG).

To bring this closer to you in a simple example, imagine a cube. The chance of hitting one of the six sides in a throw is identical for each and is 1/6. It does not matter which result occurred with the previous throw. The chances of hitting one of the six sides are always the same. Slot machines work in a similar way. However, there are many more than just six possible outcomes. Thousands of combinations are possible, but which symbol combination ultimately appears on the reels is still entirely up to chance.

However, unlike with the dice, the probabilities of the many possible combinations in a slot are not the same for all. This is ensured by the hit frequency (in English: ‘hit frequency’), which specifies how often a certain symbol combination appears on the reels on average. For an illustration, let’s go back to our cube. Let’s say the 6 eyes on the dice indicate the highest payout of a slot, while the 1 stands for the smallest possible win. Instead of giving each side of the dice the same chance of 1/6 when thrown, we reprogram the dice so that the 6 only appears every twelfth time and the 1 appears every third time. If we roll the dice the outcome will still be determined randomly,

Let’s go one step further and illustrate this principle with our own invented slot machine. We call it “The Happy Aquarium” and just give it five different symbols to keep it as simple as possible; Treasure chest, golden fish, purple fish, yellow fish, and red fish.

combination Payout Hit frequency
Five treasure chests 2500 0.001%
Five golden fish 1000 0.015%
Five purple fish 400 0.05%
Five yellow fish 50 0.5%
Five red fish 5 7%
All in all 3955 7,566%

Wie Sie der Tabelle entnehmen können, bietet unser Slot eine Wahrscheinlichkeit (Trefferhäufigkeit) von 1/100,000 (0.001%), um fünf Symbole des höchst-auszahlenden Symbols (Schatztruhe) zu erhalten, während die Wahrscheinlichkeit fünf gleiche Symbole irgendeiner Art zu treffen bei 1/13 (7.566%) liegt. So oder so ähnlich sieht das auch in echten Spielautomaten aus. Jeder Automat ist in der Hinsicht anders und unterscheidet sich bei Auszahlungen und Trefferhäufigkeit. In der Regel bewegt sich die Trefferhäufigkeit bei Slots um die 40%, um irgendeine Gewinnkombination zu erhalten.

Darum verlieren wir an Spielautomaten

Since chance is the determining factor in slot machines, we always have a chance to make a profit on slot machines for a certain period of time. However, the house always has an advantage over the player. The more we play, the higher the chances for the house and, in the long run, we always lose.

The reason for this is due to the programming of the slots, which always gives the house an advantage. In addition to the hit frequency, which determines how often a certain result occurs, there is also something called return for players, in English “return to player” – RTP for short. This value indicates how much money a slot will return to players in the long term.

Loosing on slots

The return for players is always less than 100%. An RTP of 100% or more would mean the house is not making a profit or is losing money. When it comes to online slots , the return for players is usually between 88-99%. Let’s say we’re playing a slot with an RTP of 95%. This means that on average the slot machine pays back 95% of the stakes on every spin. With a stake of € 100, we would get 95% back and lose € 5 accordingly.

Since chance reigns, this is very seldom the case in reality. Instead, you could be very lucky with your first $ 100 bet and turn it into $ 400. But maybe you are unlucky and your money shrinks to € 20. In the long run, however, you will get closer and closer to the € 5 loss per € 100 stake.

Spielen Sie an Spielautomaten

Wie viel zahlen Spielautomaten zurück?

How much you win and lose in the long run is always decided by the returns to players. The return depends on the probabilities for each outcome and their payouts. Let’s take another look at our invented slot machine and this time add the income for players.

First we have to calculate the RTP for each possible result. All you have to do is multiply the hit frequency of a combination with its payout. To get the total RTP value, all you have to do is add up the individual income for the player.

combination Payout Hit frequency Player return (RTP)
Five treasure chests 2500 0.001% 2.5%
Five golden fish 1000 0.015% 15%
Five purple fish 400 0.05% 20%
Five yellow fish 50 0.5% 25%
Five red fish 5 7% 35%
All in all 3955 7,566% 97.5%

In our example slot, we are paying players 97.5% over the long term. That would amount to a very decent RTP. With our example, please keep in mind that we have simplified it extremely. In real slot machines there are far more symbols and possible symbol combinations. In order to calculate the RTP of a real slot yourself, one would have to have the probabilities for every possible outcome. However, this is never the case. Fortunately, we don’t need that either. The earnings for players are stated by the game manufacturer and can be looked up at any time in the slot machine information.

Warum Spielautomaten spielen – ist es möglich zu gewinnen?

If we always lose in the long run, why the hell are we even playing? The main reason for this is of course entertainment. Playing slot machines is not an investment in the future, nor is a trip to the cinema or a weekend at the spa. It doesn’t have to be, because it is still very entertaining and offers a lot of excitement and thrill that many of us lack in everyday life.

Since chance is always the deciding factor, big wins are of course possible, even though the odds are against you.

Slots symbols

Although we cannot influence the RTP of a slot machine, we can improve our chances with good bonus offers. This is due to the extra money that we are entitled to for such actions and that actually do not belong to us. They give us better prospects of a positive outcome and increased chances of making a profit when luck is on our side.

In summary, it can be said that slot machines not only add entertainment and make our lives more exciting and exciting, but also offer the chance of big wins and life-changing sums of money. Nonetheless, we need to be aware of the RTP as well as the better chances for the house that will make us losers in the long run.

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